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Botulinum toxin is the name of an active substance produced by bacteria called Clostridium botulinum.
Its main feature is that it has the property of blocking the motor nerve impulse transmission to muscles by preventing the release of a neurotransmitter known as acetylcholine. This agent is the link between the nerves and muscles, the latter indicating when and how hard to contract. Blocking the release of acetylcholine from motor nerve we inhibited the contractile response of the muscle. Therefore, even if we want we can not move a muscle.
Of all the types of botulinum toxin, which is used for cosmetic purposes is the type A. Of all the known brands we use Botox ® and Dysport ® for their safety and also have FDA approval.
What are the advantages?
Banishes crow's feet, frown lines and forehead, in some cases elevation of the nasal tip is achieved and raises his eyebrows slightly upward, giving a more relaxed and youthful appearance to the face. This is because the effect of temporary paralysis the muscle where it is placed. It can also be applied to the neck and hyperhidrosis.
The results are visible between the third and fifth day and final in a fortnight. Having an effect of approximately 6 months, although in the cases placed first effect is somewhat smaller.
Who can benefit?
Those young patients with early wrinkles.
In older people, combined with other therapies such as fillers.
What side effects can be?
Small bruises disappear within days and they are hidden with makeup. Headaches in some cases after application and transient.
When is contraindicated?
In pregnancy, in patients treated with anticoagulants and in those with coagulopathies.
How many sessions are needed?
In 95 % of cases, after the first session small tweaks are needed. Between the first two sessions must pass six months, being the third session past eight months, and finally as an annual maintenance session.